Name of the Project : “Plastic Waste Management in Chattogram City Corporation Area”
Project Duration : 1st June 2022 to 30th May 2023 (1st Phase)
Funded by : Unilever Bangladesh Ltd (UBL).
Working Area : Chattogram City Corporation Area.
Background justification of Project:
Chattogram City is the second largest city in Bangladesh. It consists 41 wards and area is approximately 155.4 Sq Km. Currently there are about 5.2 population are living in this city (www.macrotrends.net). In an average 3000 tons of solid waste is generated daily in Chattogram City. The City Corporation can collects 75% of waste (Waste Report, 2019-2020). It means there is huge gap between the waste generation and collection. Such inadequate and uncontrolled waste management have an impact on urban environment such was waterlogging is caused by light rain. It was observed that plastic and polythene is a major portion of generated wastes is Chattogram city. It is percentage is about 8.8%. The collection and recycling of plastic waste is primarily a manual activity in Chattogram. There is no formal system for collecting the plastic waste in Chattogram. Generally, waste collectors (Private and Public) collect plastic wastes form source points. Many cases informal collectors as Tokai collect plastics wastes from open sources. The collected waste is sold ahead to small scrap shops/bhangari at a cheap price. Then the small scrap shops/bhangai sold the plastic to recycler. Finally, the recycler sold the processed plastic wastes to manufacturer.
Generally, waste pickers are reluctant to collect single use plastic (LDPE). Because they thought that it has no economic value and given more effort to collect significant volume. It is wondering that when we discussed with the leaders of Chattogram Plastic Recycle Association, they said that good quality single use plastic (LDPE bags) has huge demand in local recycle market in Chattogram as well as in countrywide. Moreover, Chattogram Plastic Recycler are capable to recycle large volume of plastic waste. There are more 300 recyclers in Chattogram.
In that perspectives, YPSA has taken an approached by connecting the existing actors of plastic value chain through various actions as well as providing awareness campaign at households on plastic waste segregation at households. Alike provide capacity development training with incentive to waste pickers for LDPE (Low Density Polyethylene) collection. Similarly, provide capacity strengthen support to small scrap shops/entrepreneur/bhangari to manage large volume of single plastic. This approach will ensure the bulk amount of single use plastic collection along with others plastic waste collection in Chattogram City. At the same time YPSA will provide necessary support to small entrepreneur/bhangari on makes market linkage with recycler. Concurrently, YPSA will have regular lobbying and advocacy with Chattogram City Corporation (CCC) to institutionalize this process. As a result, the City Corporation will direct the concerned ward councilors to provide necessary assistance to the entrepreneurs at the ward level. And will work in coordination with the project to raise awareness on plastic waste management in household’s level. Finally, a comprehensive system will be developed on plastic waste management in the city and urban environment will be protected, city dwellers will have a good health and the intensity of waterlogging will be reduced.
The targeted groups are households, waste picker (private, public), Tokais, Feriwalas, Small Scrap Shops/Bhangari/Small Entrepreneur, Recycler, Manufacturer and City Corporation.
Enhanced Plastic Waste Management in Chattogram City Corporation Area.
- To increase the knowledge of households on plastic waste management;
- To support the waste actors on collection of more plastic wastes in the city;
- To develop a ward basis enterprise model on plastic waste management in Chattogram City Corporation Area;
- To strengthen the capacity of CCC on plastic waste management;
- To make the city corporation more interested in plastic waste management
- Household used to on segregation of plastic waste from household level;
- Waste Pickers will received quality plastic and economically gained;
- Waste pickers motivated to collect uncollected single use plastic ;
- The recycler will be received bulk and quality plastic for recycle;
- Reducing the virgin material consumption in the city;
- Increasing the recycling of plastic and polythene;
- Reducing the plastic wastes
- A Comprehensive model will be developed on plastic waste management in Chattogram City Cprporation;
- The prevalence rate of waterlogging will be reduced and increased the beauty of urban environment.
Activities with Short Description
The following activities will be executed to meet the project outcomes and goal.
Output-01: Increased the Households Knowledge on Plastic Waste Management
1.1 Public Announcement (Miking)
1.2 IEC Materials Development and Distribution
1.3 Promo Video develop and broadcast at local cable/Social media on plastic waste segregation at household
1.4 Uses Social Leaders/Religion Leaders on promoting waste segregation
1.4 Consultation Meeting with Para Committee/Residential Area Kollan Samity on Plastic Waste Segregation
1.5 Day Observation (World Environment Day/Labour Day)
1.6 Clean environment School Campaign
Output-02: Waste Pickers collects more single plastic wastes with ensuring quality
2.1 Resource Mapping
2.2 Capacity Development Training to Waste Pickers
2.3 Support to waste pickers
2.4 Acknowledging the work of waste pickers
2.4 Coordination with Ward base Waste Management Committee
Output-03: Ward based enterprise model developed on plastic waste management
3.1 Consultation meeting with Entrepreneur and Ward Office
3.2 Capacity Development Training to Entrepreneur
3.3 Capacity Strengthen Support to Entrepreneur
3.4 Protective safety gear support to recovery waste pickers
3.5 Business Networking Meeting between Entrepreneur and Recycler
3.6 Monthly Coordination Meeting with Ward Office/Councilor
Output-04: City Corporation taken various initiatives on plastic waste management
4.1 Inception meeting with CCC on project modalities;
4.2 MoU Signing among CCC, YPSA and UNILEVER;
4.3 Validation Workshop with CCC;
4.4 One to One Meeting with Conservancy Department;
4.5 Facilitate City Corporation on arranging monthly coordination meeting of Waste Management Standing Committee.